First published: September 20, 2010 in GardeningLast Updated: September 18, 2013 10:40 am Tough to read? Print this! Email This
Whether we want to face it or not, summer is over and fall is at our doorsteps.
Take some time this fall to tuck your garden in for the winter and you will be helping your plants to stay strong and healstart fresh next spring.
Here are the top 10 tips on what to do:
1. All Garden Plants: Continue watering during dry spells in the fall to help roots store energy for winter, but stop fertilizing after midsummer to discourage new growth that might suffer winter damage. Any weeding done now means less weeding in the spring.
2. Lawn: When grass stops growing (around mid to late October), feed it high nitrogen fertilizer. Nitrogen is the first number in three part formula you will see on fertilizer bag description. This will increase root growth and gets grass off to a green start next spring. Make the year’s last mow shorter than normal – about 2 inches to discourage winter fungal growth.
3. Newly Planted Evergreen Shrubs: Insert sturdy wooden stakes in the ground around the shrub and attach burlap with staples to create a screen. Place stakes far enough away so that burlap won’t touch foliage. The burlap will shade foliage from winter sun and protect it from the drying effects of wind.
4. Perennials: No need to cut down all dead stems and seed heads. These provide shelter and food for birds. But – if plants were infected by diseases or insects during the summer, cut them down to about 3 inches above ground. This will discourage diseases and pests from overwintering and resuming their destruction next season.
5. Newly Planted Perennials: When the ground begins to freeze and plants are dormant, lay a 2 inch layer of shredded leaves over crowns. Late winter’s alternate freezing-thawing cycle can heave the perennials which haven’t had the time to grow strong root system, out of the ground.
6. Tall, Narrow Junipers and Cedars: wrap jute twine – gently, not tightly – around and through the shrub from bottom to top to keep branches from splaying our and breaking under heavy snow.
7. Broad-leaved Evergreens: Spray with and antidesiccant in late fall, when daytime temperatures are just above freezing to protect foliage from burning in winter’s strong winds and sun.
8. Climbing Roses: After leaves fall, tie the long canes (branches) to a fence or trellis to prevent them from whipping around in the wind.
9. Tender Roses: When the top few inches of ground freeze, mound weed-free topsoil or coarsely shredded leaves over the bottom 12 inches of the plant. Next, apply about 2-3 inches of wood chips, shredded leaves or small evergreen branches over the root zone.
10. Container Plants: Compost plant that won’t be overwintered indoors, remove potting soil and store empty containers upside down in a sheltered area or indoors to prevent frost damage.
Hope you have found this information helpful, please send in your comments, suggestions and experiences – your input is always welcomed!