Helpful Tips About Your Meats

It’s grilling season and I know that most of you have been waiting patiently to be able to cook outside. It is usually meats  that most cook on the grill, and I think it is important to have a little refresher on how to best buy, store and cook different meats.

Tips on Buying the Meat

It is important to buy meat wisely, know how to store it and how to cook various cuts of meat for optimum results.

Recognize quality – Meat should be firm, velvety and fine grained with streaks of fat through it.

Beef – Outside fat is creamy white and firm, the meat is uniform rich red colour, varying from light red to dark red.

Veal – Outside fat is creamy white or tinged with pink. Young veal is greyish pink and older veal is pinkish brown.

Lamb – Outside fat is creamy white or slightly pink in colour. Mutton is more brittle and white in colour. The meat varies from a light pink to dark pink and in mutton from light to dark red.

Pork – Outside fat should be firm and white and there should be a good proportion of lean to fat. The meat varies from greyish pink to deep rose colour.

Tips on Storing Meat

Remove store wrappings and wipe with damp cloth. Place on a shallow plate and cover loosely with waxed paper. Store in refrigerator.  Cured meats can be left in store wrappings.

Approximate storage time in refrigerator:

Roasts – 2-3 days

Steak and chops – 2-3 days

Ground meat – 1-2 days

Liver, heart, kidney, etc. – 1 day

Cured, smoked meats – 1 week

Sausages – 1-2 days

Wieners – 2-3 days

Cooked meats – 3-4 days

Tips on Cooking Meats

Tender cuts – Suitable for roasting, pan frying and broiling

Less tender cuts – Suitable for pot roasting, braising and stewing

How to roast: Roast meats in moderate oven (325F) .Place roast, fat side up on a rack in an uncovered roasting pan in centre of oven. Insert meat thermometer in the centre of the meatiest part of roast so that the tip is not touching bone or fat. Base occasionally during roasting. Season halfway through cooking. Roast to desired stage of doneness or until meat thermometer registers required internal temperature. Let roast stand for at least 10 minutes to make carving easier. Make gravy from drippings in pan.

Timetable for Roasting Meats at 325 F: – Minutes per pound

Beef – Rare – 20 – 25 minutes (thermometer temperature – 130 – 140 F)

Medium – 25 – 30 minutes (Thermometer temperature – 140 – 150 F)

Well – 35 – 40 minutes (Thermometer temperature – 150 – 170 F)

Veal – Well done – 35 – 40 minutes (Thermometer temperature – 180 F)

Lamb – Well done – 30 -35 minutes (Thermometer temperature -180 F)

Pork – Well done – 40 – 50 minutes (Thermometer temperature – 185 F)

Cured meats – Well done – 25 – 40 minutes (Thermometer temperature – 170 F)

How to pan fry (or pan broil): Use a heavy frying pan and add small amount of fat. Snip fat edges of meat to prevent curling. Brown meat on both sides, over medium heat, cooking to desired doneness. Do not cover pan unless indicated in the recipe you are using and do not prick meat. Season only after browning, using salt and pepper. If youa re cooking fat meat, do not add fat. Pour off excess fat that accumulates in the pan.

How to broil: Direction will vary with the type of broiler used, thickness, kind of meat and degree of doneness desired. Preheat broiler and leave door slightly opened. Place meat on cold rack of broiler pan – distance form the broiler should be about 3-5 inches. Broil meat on one side until browned, season and do the other side.

How to Pot Rast: Brown meat well on all sides in hot fat in a heavy pan or Dutch oven pot. Season with salt and pepper.  Cool pot slightly and slide a rack under the meat. Add a small amount of water or soup stock  – about 3-4 tablespoons. Cover and cook over low heat on top of stove or in moderate oven (325F) until tender and well done. Allow 30 -35 minutes per pound for bone-in meats, and 40 – 45 minutes for boneless meats. Add vegetables if desired, during the last hour of cooking. Uncover oven cooked roast last half hour of cooking for better browning. Use pan juices to make gravy.

How to Braise: Score or pound the meat to break down coarse fibers.  Season and flour meat and brown in fat in heavy frying pan. Add liquid, cover and cook slowly over low heat in a moderate oven (325 F) until tender and well done.

How to Stew: Trim off excess fat and gristle. Cut meat into 1”cubes. Flour meat and brown in hot fat in a heavy kettle or Dutch oven. Add seasonings and enough water or stock to half cover the meat, stir well. Cover tightly and simmer meat slowly until it is tender. Add vegetables about 30 minutes before the meat is done. For a thicker stew, add flour mixed with a little water.

Hope this was helpful to you – please send in your comments, suggestions ands experiences – your input is always welcomed and much appreciated

About the author

Hanna Trafford

Hanna is the mother of two grown sons Dan and Dusan Nedelko, step mother to Abbie Gateman and is also a brand new Grandmother. She is the lead editor of Mama Knows and is hoping to create an exchange of communications with other grandmothers, mothers and daughters - giving everyone the opportunity to learn and share about everything that is "Mama"

2 comments
Donna baron - October 13, 2013

Is their any way to make over cooked pork tender again. I over cooked some 1in thick pork chops.

Reply
    Hanna Trafford - October 17, 2013

    I had some pork loin roast that was dry and not suitable to just serve in slices, so I cut it into very thin strips, put it into large pan, covered it with barbecue sauce (mixed it with some sweet and sour sauce I had in the fridge) and served it on nice fresh kaiser buns – it worked! Try something like this – I imagine, you will be able to cut the pork chop meat into thin strips as well. Let me know if it worked for you OK? Thanks!

    Reply
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